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Role of natural organic matter (NOM), colloidal particles, and solution chemistry on ultrafiltration performance

Zularisam, A. W. and Ahmad, Anwar and Abdul Munaim, Mimi Sakinah and Ismail, A. F. and Matsuura, T. (2011) Role of natural organic matter (NOM), colloidal particles, and solution chemistry on ultrafiltration performance. Separation and Purification Technology, 78 (2). pp. 189-200. ISSN 1383-5866

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.seppur.2011.02.001


Mechanistic studies on a charged ultrafiltration (UF) membrane fouled with natural organic matter (NOM) and colloidal particles are systematically investigated to understand the relative role of each NOM fraction and the presence of colloidal particulate to membrane fouling. Humic acid (HA), dextran, and kaolin were employed as surrogate model foulants representing the organic hydrophobic acid NOM, hydrophilic neutral NOM, and inorganic colloidal materials, respectively. The results obtained showed that the organic NOM of hydrophilic surrogate (dextran) plays a primary role in promoting membrane fouling, followed by hydrophobic acids and inorganic kaolin, but to a lesser extent than organic NOM compounds. Significant differences in the extent of fouling between dextran and HA have been observed despite filtering with identical membrane. Greater membrane fluxes and better DOC rejection shown by HA could be seen as evidence demonstrating the electrostatic interactions between HA and the negatively charged membrane surface, in addition to the steric hindrance mechanism, despite possessing relatively greater adsorptive interactions with the hydrophobic PSF membrane. These results suggest that NOM structural variations (aromatic versus aliphatic molecular structure), distribution (apparent molecular weight and size), and charge density are essential factors that determine the fouling potential of each NOM fraction. Feed solution containing all the NOM fractions (HA, dextran, and kaolin) fouled the membrane more readily than the individual organic and colloidal foulants, suggesting that an association of the latter two entities is responsible for the greater extent of membrane fouling. Furthermore, the electrokinetic effects of solution chemistry (ionic strength and Ca2+) was employed to quantify the role of electrostatic interactions in providing principal effect that promotes better permeate flux and NOM rejection, particularly with the charged component such as HA. Moreover, observation of this study is beneficial in elucidating a clearer understanding on the influential factors and responsible mechanisms of UF fouling owing to single NOM solute and multiple NOM solute systems, with respect to membrane filterability and rejection efficiency.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:colloidal fouling, NOM, organic fouling, UF
Subjects:T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions:Chemical Engineering
ID Code:29636
Deposited By: Yanti Mohd Shah
Deposited On:27 Mar 2013 00:28
Last Modified:25 Apr 2019 01:18

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