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Performance and microstructural study on soap using different fatty acids and cations

Nadarajan, Renugambaal and Ismail, Razali (2011) Performance and microstructural study on soap using different fatty acids and cations. Journal Of Surfactants And Detergents, 14 (4). pp. 463-471. ISSN 1097-3958

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11743-011-1251-x

Abstract

The desired benefits of the finished soap product are governed by a professional selection of appropriate raw materials, the manufacturing process or both. A better understanding of the crystallization of the soap microstructure is needed which has direct effects on the properties of final products. Soap microstructures and soap composition are not only determined by the length of hydrophobic fatty chain, saturation extent of fatty acid chain, fatty acid distribution but also by the cation effect. Thus, four different fatty acid compositions and the effect of sodium and potassium cations were studied. The performance of the potassium and sodium bar soaps prepared was monitored and was correlated with solid phase thermal analysis. The microstructural effect was examined using ATR-FTIR, FESEM and XRD. The specific ion effect and ion interaction involving both cations and carboxylate anions on different chemical compositions was correlated.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:fatty acid, potassium soap, soap microstructure, soap performance, sodium soap
Subjects:Q Science
Divisions:Science
ID Code:29567
Deposited By: Yanti Mohd Shah
Deposited On:18 Mar 2013 16:16
Last Modified:25 Apr 2019 09:15

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