Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Institutional Repository

Gray-level co-occurrence matrix bone fracture detection

Hum, Yan Chai and Lai, Khin Wee and Tan, Tian Swee and Shaikh Salleh, Sheikh Hussain and Ariff, A. K. and Kamarulafizam, Kamarulafizam (2011) Gray-level co-occurrence matrix bone fracture detection. American Journal of Applied Sciences, 8 (1). pp. 26-32. ISSN 1546-9239


Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3844/ajassp.2011.26.32


Problem statement: Currently doctors in orthopedic wards inspect the bone x-ray images according to their experience and knowledge in bone fracture analysis. Manual examination of x-rays has multitude drawbacks. The process is time-consuming and subjective. Approach: Since detection of fractures is an important orthopedics and radiologic problem and therefore a Computer Aided Detection(CAD) system should be developed to improve the scenario. In this study, a fracture detection CAD based on GLCM recognition could improve the current manual inspection of x-ray images system. The GLCM for fracture and non-fracture bone is computed and analysis is made. Features of Homogeneity, contrast, energy, correlation are calculated to classify the fractured bone. Results: 30 images of femur fractures have been tested, the result shows that the CAD system can differentiate the x-ray bone into fractured and nonfractured femur. The accuracy obtained from the system is 86.67. Conclusion: The CAD system is proved to be effective in classifying the digital radiograph of bone fracture. However the accuracy rate is not perfect, the performance of this system can be further improved using multiple features of GLCM and future works can be done on classifying the bone into different degree of fracture specifically.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:bone fracture, detection system, femur bone, gray-level co-occurrence matrix, image processing, radiologic problem, texture analysis
Subjects:Q Science > QH Natural history
T Technology
Divisions:Biosciences and Medical Engineering
ID Code:29139
Deposited By: Yanti Mohd Shah
Deposited On:21 Feb 2013 21:18
Last Modified:17 Mar 2019 11:03

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