Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Institutional Repository

STEP-a new graphical tool for simultaneous targeting and design of a heat exchanger network

Wan Alwi, Sharifah Rafidah and Abd. Manan, Zainuddin (2010) STEP-a new graphical tool for simultaneous targeting and design of a heat exchanger network. Chemical Engineering Journal, 162 (1). 106–121. ISSN 1385-8947

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2010.05.009


For 40 years, composite curves (CCs) and grid diagram (GD) have been among the most popular graphicaltools for designing optimal heatexchangernetworks (HEN). However, since CCs represent the temperature versus enthalpy plot of composites rather than individual streams, they have some significant limitations. Among others, CCs cannot completely map individual hot and cold process streams, as well as process and utility streams, and cannot be used for HEN design. In addition, CCs cannot be conveniently and effectively used to predict minimum network area and the optimum ?Tmin that should strictly be based on parameters and properties of individual as opposed to composite streams. Grid diagram on the other hand requires designers to provide or calculate stream temperatures as well as enthalpies, to do heat balance and to check temperature feasibility during HEN design as the diagram does not follow any temperature or enthalpy scale. This paper presents STEP (Stream Temperature vs. Enthalpy Plot) as anewgraphicaltool for simultaneoustargeting and design of a HEN that overcomes the key limitations of CCs and the GD. The newSTEPs are profiles of continuous individual hot and cold streams being mapped on a shifted temperature versus enthalpy diagram that simultaneously show the pinch points, energy targets and the maximum heat allocation (MHA). The MHA is graphically converted to an MER network and represented on aHeat Allocation and Targeting (HEAT) diagram in terms of STEP temperature and enthalpy. This paper also demonstrates that STEP can provide more realistic solutions for targeting multiple utilities and the minimum network area. STEP application on a palm oil refinery, and finally, its limitations, are also highlighted. With capabilities to overcome the limitations of CCs and GD, STEP can become a vital alternative graphicaltool for optimal HEN design.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Pinch analysis, Targeting, Heat recovery
Subjects:T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions:Chemical and Energy Engineering
ID Code:26582
Deposited By: Widya Wahid
Deposited On:18 Jul 2012 10:59
Last Modified:31 Oct 2018 20:30

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