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Rheology and thermal transition state of polyvinyl alcohol-cassava starch blends

Lee, Tin Sin and Rahmat, Abdul Razak and Wan Abdul Rahman, Wan Aizan and Zhao, Yan Sun and Abd Samad, Adlina (2010) Rheology and thermal transition state of polyvinyl alcohol-cassava starch blends. Carbohydrate Polymers, 81 (3). 737 -739. ISSN 0144-8617

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.carbpol.2010.03.044


This communication focuses to unveil the molten behaviour of biodegradable polyvinylalcohol (PVOH) blending with native cassavastarch (CSS). Different percentages of CSS were blended with glycerol plasticized PVOH (PPV) to study the shear rate–viscosity at 190 °C and the thermaltransitionstate at 200 bar (20.265 MPa). The outcomes showed that the viscosities of PPV–CSS compounds reduced as the PPV composition increased. This indicates that the addition of PPV helps to improve the processability of thermoplastic starch compound. On the other hand, a higher percentage of CSS would disrupt the transition of specific volumes at the molten stage (160–180 °C) of PPV–CSS compounds. The transition was lowered due to the loss of crystallinity in PPV. It is postulated that injection moulding of PPV–CSS blends has lower volume shrinkage than PPV due to lower thermaltransition and crystallinity of the compounds.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Cassava starch, Polyvinyl alcohol, Rheology
Subjects:T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions:Chemical Engineering
ID Code:26579
Deposited By: Widya Wahid
Deposited On:18 Jul 2012 10:58
Last Modified:31 Oct 2018 20:30

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