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Effect of raw multi-wall carbon nanotubes on morphology and separation properties of polyimide membranes

Aroon, Mohammad Ali and Ismail, Ahmad Fauzi and Montazer-Rahmati, Mohammad Mehdi and Matsuura, Takeshi (2010) Effect of raw multi-wall carbon nanotubes on morphology and separation properties of polyimide membranes. Separation Science and Technology, 45 (16). pp. 2287-2297. ISSN 0149-6395

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01496395.2010.484007

Abstract

Raw multi wall carbon nanotubes (r-MWCNTs) were embedded as fillers inside the polyimide (PI) matrix and PI/r-MWCNTs mixed matrix membranes were fabricated by the phase inversion method. The TEM images and permeation results using helium as test gas showed that r-MWCNTs were generally closed ended and acted as impermeable nano particles. Gas permeation tests using CO2 and CH4 showed that the addition of r-MWCNTs into the dope solution increased the CO2/CH4 separation factor while decreasing the carbon dioxide and methane permeances. When the r-MWCNTs content was increased from 0% to 6 wt.%, permeance of CO2 in the flat sheet mixed matrix membranes decreased from 9.15 GPU to 5.49 GPU and CO2/CH4 separation factor increased from 19.05 to 45.75. Identical to flat sheet mixed matrix membranes, the addition of 2 wt.% r-MWCNTs into a spinning dope increased the CO2/CH4 separation factor from 46.61 to 72.20. The glass transition temperature of the mixed matrix flat sheet membranes increased with an increase in the r-MWCNTs content. This implies a good segmental-level attachment between the two phases that forms a rigidified polymer region at the polymer/r-MWCNTs interface. FESEM images showed well dispersed r-MWCNTs in the polymer matrix at a loading of 2 wt% r-MWCNTs.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:carbon nanotubes, inversion method, matrix membranes
Subjects:T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions:Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering (Formerly known)
ID Code:22842
Deposited By: Narimah Nawil
Deposited On:03 May 2012 08:45
Last Modified:30 Nov 2018 14:22

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