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A novel design of Butler matrix using optimised size of branch-line coupler

Abd. Rahim, Sharul Kamal and Jizat, N. M. and Rahman, T. A. and Geok, T. K. and Reza, A. W. (2010) A novel design of Butler matrix using optimised size of branch-line coupler. Journal of Optoelectronics and Advanced Materials, 12 (10). 2031 - 2039.

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Recent development shows that the reduced size couplers are becoming potential building bl°Cks for the growing wireless communications market. This paper presents a new design and realisation of four ports Butler Matrix using the reduced size of branch-line coupler operating at 1.8GHz. The purpose is to reduce the size of branch-line coupler to agree with the application requirements, e.g., mobile applications. Butler Matrix generally consists of branch-line coupler, crossover, and phase shifters. The branch-line coupler has been used as the functional and smart component in constructing the planar of 4×4 Butler Matrix. Using the two-step stubs impedance, the size of the branch-line coupler is optimised in this study. The obtained results show that the area of branch-line coupler has been reduced to 66% compared to the normal size branchline coupler. Besides, the reduced size coupler shows the same performance like the normal coupler, maintains lower manufacturing cost and miniaturisation in size. The results obtained from this study show satisfactory performance and good agreement with the theoretical results.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:butler matrix, branch-line coupler, beam forming network
Subjects:T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Divisions:Electrical Engineering
ID Code:22816
Deposited By: Narimah Nawil
Deposited On:04 Apr 2017 15:05
Last Modified:30 Nov 2018 14:22

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