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A comparative study on the structure and performance of porous polyvinylidene fluoride and polysulfone hollow fiber membranes for CO2 absorption.

Ismail, Ahmad Fauzi and Mansourizadeh, Amir (2010) A comparative study on the structure and performance of porous polyvinylidene fluoride and polysulfone hollow fiber membranes for CO2 absorption. Journal of Membrane Science, 365 (1-2). 319 - 328. ISSN 0376-7388

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2010.09.021

Abstract

Porous polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) and polysulfone (PSF) hollow fiber membranes were prepared via a wet spinning method. Glycerol was used as phase-inversion promoter additive in the spinning dopes. Cloud point diagrams of polymer/solvent-glycerol/water were obtained to study precipitation rate of the polymers solution. The membrane structure was compared in terms of morphology, gas permeation, critical water entry pressure, collapsing pressure, overall porosity, contact angle and mass transfer resistance. The cloud point diagrams confirmed a significant increase in the precipitation rate of the spinning dopes with addition of glycerol. The PSF membranes indicated more open cross-section structure with smaller pore sizes. However, the PVDF membranes illustrated an ultra thin outer skin layer with high permeability which resulted in significantly lower mass transfer resistance. Physical CO2 absorption with distilled water was conducted through the gas-liquid membrane contactors. With addition of glycerol, the PVDF membrane demonstrated a structure with significantly higher CO2 flux compared to the commercial asymmetric PVDF membrane. The CO2 flux of 8.20×10-4mol/m2s was achieved by using the absorbent flow rate of 310mL/min in the shell side of the membrane module. Therefore, using an improved hollow fiber membrane structure can be a promising alternative for CO2 absorption and separation through membrane contactors.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:hollow fiber membranes, characterization, CO2 absorption
Subjects:T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions:Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering (Formerly known)
ID Code:22788
Deposited By: Narimah Nawil
Deposited On:30 Aug 2017 14:26
Last Modified:21 Oct 2018 12:29

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