Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Institutional Repository

The second precise levelling network of Peninsular Malaysia

Ses, Shahrum and Mohamed, Azhari (2009) The second precise levelling network of Peninsular Malaysia. Survey Review , 41 (314). pp. 384-394. ISSN 0039-6265

Full text not available from this repository.

Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1179/003962609X451627


The measurement of Second Precise Levelling Network (PLN) for the Peninsular Malaysia which was completed in 2000 by Department of Surveying and Mapping Malaysia (DSMM) is set to replace the First Order Levelling Network of 1967. The new network consists of 113 levelling lines with more than 5000 bench marks and covers a total distance of over 5000 km. Precise levelling technique is used to establish the network where the allowable misclosure between fore and back levelling is less than 3 mm per root kilometre of length along a line. Its configuration is predominantly dictated by the land transportation pattern. The mean sea level (MSL) at Port Kelang, based upon a 10-year tidal observation (1984-93), was later being adopted as the new Peninsular Malaysia Geodetic Vertical Datum (PMGVD). A consistent and accurate set of adjusted heights of benchmarks has been achieved in the adjustment of the Precise Levelling Network of Peninsular Malaysia on the datum defined by MSL height at Port Klang. These adjusted heights are based on the Helmert orthometric height system. By fixing Port Kelang, the precision of the PLN can be expressed as 1.14 mmvkm. This implies that for any of the 5,295 first-order levelling bench mark across the nation, a height precision of better than 3 cm can be expected.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:geodetic vertical datum, helmert orthometric height system, Malaysia, precise leveling
Subjects:G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General)
T Technology > T Technology (General)
Divisions:Geoinformation Science And Engineering (Formerly known)
ID Code:12411
Deposited By: Liza Porijo
Deposited On:01 Jun 2011 10:56
Last Modified:08 Feb 2017 09:06

Repository Staff Only: item control page