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The use of graphic rules in grade one to help identify children at risk of handwriting difficulties

Khalid, Puspa Inayat and Yunus, Jasmy and Adnan, Robiah and Harun, Mokhtar and Sudirman, Rubita and Mahmood, Nasrul Humaimi (2010) The use of graphic rules in grade one to help identify children at risk of handwriting difficulties. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 31 (6). pp. 1685-1693. ISSN 0891-4222

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2010.04.005


Previous researches on elementary grade handwriting revealed that pupils employ certain strategy when writing or drawing. The relationship between this strategy and the use of graphic rules has been documented but very little research has been devoted to the connection between the use of graphic rules and handwriting proficiency. Thus, this study was conducted to investigate the relative contribution of the use of graphic rules to the writing ability. A sample of 105 first graders who were average printers and 65 first graders who might experience handwriting difficulty, as judged by their teachers, of a normal primary school were individually tested on their use of graphic rules. It has been found that pupils who are below average printers use more non-analytic strategy than average printers to reproduce the figures. The results also reveal that below average printers do not acquire the graphic principles that foster an analytic approach to production skills. Although the findings are not sufficient to allow definitive conclusions about handwriting ability, it can be considered as one of the screening measures in identifying pupils who are at risk of handwriting difficulties.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:elementary grade handwriting, graphic rules
Subjects:L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > LB1501 Primary Education
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Divisions:Electrical Engineering
ID Code:10771
Deposited By: Zalinda Shuratman
Deposited On:28 Oct 2010 01:22
Last Modified:28 Oct 2010 01:22

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