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Gas Adsorption Characteristics of Metal Exchanged Zeolite

Kamarudin, K. S. N. and Hamdan, H. and Mat, H. Gas Adsorption Characteristics of Metal Exchanged Zeolite. Proceeding of The 10th Asian Pacific Confederation of Chemical Engineers Congress .

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Abstract

Zeolites consist of alumina-silica structures of nano-sized cavities with different sizes and arrangement. In recent years, numerous studies have been conducted on the capability of zeolites as adsorbents in adsorptive gas storage (ANG) and gas separation. The adsorptive properties of zeolites depend on their structure, size, charge and distribution of cations. The effect of polyvalent cations on adsorption capacity of zeolites has been reported in the literature, which indicated that the adsorptive capacity increases with increasing charge density of the cation. The effects of metal balancing cation in zeolite structure on gas adsorption depend primarily on the size and shape of the gas molecule, the size of the cation and its location in the channel, and its interaction with the gas molecule. Zeolite modification such as cationexchanged technique was used to determine the effect of different cation on gas adsorption characteristics. In this study, sodium cations originally present in zeolites are exchanged with other metal cations. It is observed that at very low concentration of adsorbed gas, the type of cation influences the adsorption characteristics, where divalent cations adsorb more gas than monovalent cations exchanged zeolite. At higher concentrations of adsorbed gas, the effect of cation is insignificant. However, different gases adsorb differently depending on the adsorbate-adsorbent interactions.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Zeolite, cation exchange, gas adsorption, isotherm.
Subjects:T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions:Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering (Formerly known)
ID Code:918
Deposited By: PM Dr Khairul Sozana Nor Kamarudin
Deposited On:23 Feb 2007 06:42
Last Modified:01 Jun 2010 02:49

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