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Biodegradation Studies of Low Density Polyethyelene (LDPE)/Starch Plastics Packaging

Wan Abdul Rahman, Wan Aizan and Rasit Ali, Roshafima (2007) Biodegradation Studies of Low Density Polyethyelene (LDPE)/Starch Plastics Packaging. Project Report. Faculty of Chemical and Natural Resource Engineering, Skudai, Johor. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

In this study, sago starch was physically blended with LDPE via two-roll mill to produces LDPE/sago starch (SS) bidegradable films. Glycerol was added to the blends as a plasticizer to increase the compatibility of sago starch and LDPE, which also subsequently reduced the brittleness of the film. Melt flow index of the blends was measured to determine the rheological properties and the viability of the blends to undergo blow film process. Gloss test was also studied to determine the optical properties. Mechanical and morphology studies of LDPE/SS biofilms has been done by tensile testing machine and microscopy respectively. Exposure of LDPE/SS biofilms to the fungi environment was done to analyse the biodegradability of the blends. Results showed, MFI of LDPE/SS biofilm decreased as the content of the starch increased as well as the glossiness of the films. The mechanical properties such as tensile strength and elongation also decreased as the starch content increased. However, biodegradablility of the films increased as the starch content increased as it can be seen by fungi growth on the surface of LDPE/SS biofilms.

Item Type:Monograph (Project Report)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Biodegradable films, two-roll mill blending, plastic packaging, sago starch, low-density Polyethylene
Divisions:Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering (Formerly known)
ID Code:9131
Deposited By: Noor Aklima Harun
Deposited On:06 Jul 2009 08:51
Last Modified:02 Jun 2010 01:59

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