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Characterization of irradiation-induced crosslink of epoxidised natural rubber/ethylene vinyl acetate (ENR-50/EVA) blend

Zurina, M. and Ismail, H. and Ratnam, C.T. (2006) Characterization of irradiation-induced crosslink of epoxidised natural rubber/ethylene vinyl acetate (ENR-50/EVA) blend. Polymer Degradation and Stability, 91 (11). pp. 2723-2730. ISSN 0141-3910

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2006.0...

Abstract

The effect of irradiation on tensile, dynamic mechanical properties, thermal properties and morphology of ENR-50, EVA and ENR-50/EVA blend was investigated. All the samples were irradiated using a 3.0 MeV electron beam (EB) machine with doses ranging from 20 to 100 kGy. Results indicate that the gel fraction of ENR-50, EVA and ENR-50/EVA blend increases with irradiation dose. Concerning tensile properties, it can be seen that EB radiation increases the tensile strength of all the samples, increases the elongation at break of ENR-50 and ENR-50/EVA blend, reduces the elongation at break of EVA, increases M200 (modulus at 200% strain) of ENR-50 and EVA, while decreases M200 of the ENR-50/EVA blend. For dynamic mechanical studies, it was found that EB radiation increases the Tg of all the samples due to the effect of irradiation-induced crosslinking. The compatibility of ENR-50/EVA blend also found to be improving upon irradiation. In the case of thermal properties, it was detected that Tm, Tc and the degree of crystallinity of ENR-50/EVA blend increase with an increase in irradiation dose. This was due to the perfection in the crystal growth occurring upon radiation. Morphology changes play a major role in the changes of the properties of ENR-50/EVA blend. Finally, it can be concluded that ENR-50/EVA blend can be vulcanized by EB radiation.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:EB irradiation, ENR-50/EVA blend, irradiation-induced crosslink, blend characterization
Divisions:Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering (Formerly known)
ID Code:9106
Deposited By: Nurunnadiah Baharum
Deposited On:27 Jul 2009 03:28
Last Modified:27 Jul 2009 03:28

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