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Managing crime through quality education: a model of justice

Zaman, Khalid and Usman, Bushra and Sheikh, Salman Masood and Iswan, Iswan and Khan, Aqeel and Mohd. Kosnin, Azlina and Rosman, Arieff Salleh and Ismail, Sarimah and Ali, Dayana Farzeeha and Hishan, Sanil S. (2019) Managing crime through quality education: a model of justice. Science and Justice, 59 (6). pp. 597-605. ISSN 1355-0306

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scijus.2019.08.004


The study examines the role of quality education in access to justice, using a panel data of 21 diversified countries for the period of 1990–2015. The findings show that there is a positive relationship between the presence of scientific and technical journals (STJ) articles and crime rates. The R&D expenditures does not substantially reduce crime rate while per capita income, trademark applications, and technical cooperation grants significantly reduce crime rates across countries. The panel fixed effect (FE) model confirmed the inverted U-shaped relationship between per capita income (GDPpc) and crime rate in the presence of STJ, while this result is changed in the case of GMM estimator. The results of panel causality confirmed the unidirectional causality running from crime rate to STJ and R&D expenditures, while there is bidirectional causality between i) GDPpc and technical cooperation grants, and between ii) energy efficiency and refugee population by country. The variance decomposition analysis (VDA) shows that R&D expenditures have a greater share to influence crime rate, while technical cooperation grants will affect STJ for the next 10 years time. This finding bolsters the conversation on the relationship between education and a reduction in crime rates.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:panel regression techniques, Per capita GDP, R&D expenditures
Subjects:H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
L Education > L Education (General)
ID Code:88724
Deposited By: Yanti Mohd Shah
Deposited On:15 Dec 2020 10:39
Last Modified:15 Dec 2020 10:39

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