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Effect of reaction temperature and flow rate of precursor on formation of multi-walled carbon nanotubes

Tee, Jia Chee and Aziz, Madzlan and Ismail, Ahmad Fauzi (2008) Effect of reaction temperature and flow rate of precursor on formation of multi-walled carbon nanotubes. Jurnal Teknologi (49F). pp. 141-147. ISSN 0127-9696

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Abstract

The effect of reaction temperature and flow rate of precursor on the quantity and quality of the multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) produced by catalytic chemical vapour deposition (CCVD) was studied. The MWNTs were grown over molecular sieve supported catalyst at 700 and 850 °C with flow rate of acetylene at 15 and 30 sccm. The effect of an in-situ heat treatment on the as-grown MWNTs at 200 °C was investigated. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) results show that CNT purity decreases with increasing reaction temperature, from 63.31 wt% at 700 °C to 61.68 wt% at 850 °C. However, the increase of acetylene flow rate from 15 sccm to 30 sccm has improved the yield of MWNT from 63.31 wt% to 69.28 wt%. The MWNTs grown at 850 °C with 30 sccm of acetylene show 68.23 wt% of purity, attributed to the higher acetylene flow rate. Acetylene flow rate of 30sccm produced higher purity of MWNTs whereas reaction temperature of 700 °C is more effective in generating MWNTs. The in-situ heat treatment at 200 °C gave the highest purity of MWNTs at 87.52 wt%. TEM and HRTEM images suggest that the impurities on the wall layers of MWNT yield were burn off at 200 °C. The in-situ heat treatment is able to reduce the impurities and hence yielded higher purity MWNTs.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Reaction temperature; flow rate of precursor; multi-walled carbon nanotubes; in-situ heat treatment; purity
Subjects:T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions:Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering (Formerly known)
ID Code:8661
Deposited By: Pn Norhayati Abu Ruddin
Deposited On:06 May 2009 06:51
Last Modified:15 Oct 2010 08:31

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