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A comparative study for back propagation neural network and nonlinear regression models for predicting dengue outbreak

Husin, Nor Azura and Salim, Naomie (2008) A comparative study for back propagation neural network and nonlinear regression models for predicting dengue outbreak. Jurnal Teknologi Maklumat, 20 (4). pp. 97-112. ISSN 0128-3790

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Malaysia has a good dengue surveillance system but there have been insufficient findings on suitable model to predict future dengue outbreak since conventional method is still being used. This study aims to design a Neural Network Model (NNM) and Nonlinear Regression Model (NLRM) using different architectures and parameters incorporating time series, location and rainfall data to define the best architecture for early prediction of dengue outbreak. Four architecture of NNM and NLRM were developed in this study. Architecture I involved only dengue cases data, Architecture II involved combination of dengue cases data and rainfall data, Architecture III involved proximity location dengue cases data, while Architecture IV involved the combination of all criteria. The parameters studied in this research were adjusted for optimal performance, These parameters are the learning rate, momentum rate and number of neurons in the hidden layer. The performance of overall architecture was analyzed and the result shows that the MSE for all architectures by using NNM is better compared by NLRM. Furthermore, the results also indicate that architecture IV performs significantly better than other architectures in predicting dengue outbreak using NNM compared to NLRM. It is therefore proposed as a useful approach in the problem of time series prediction of dengue outbreak. These results can help the government especially the Vector Borne Disease Control (VBDC) Section of Health Ministry to develop a contingency plan to mobilize expertise, vaccines and other supplies that may be necessary in order to face dengue epidemic issues.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:dengue outbreak prediction, nonlinear regression model (NLRM), neural network model (NNM)
Subjects:H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Q Science > QA Mathematics
Divisions:Computer Science and Information System (Formerly known)
ID Code:8177
Deposited By: Farah Nadzirah Jamrus
Deposited On:02 Apr 2009 06:29
Last Modified:01 Nov 2017 04:17

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