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Regional climate scenarios using a statistical downscalling approach

Harun, Sobri and Shamsudin, Supiah and Hanapi, Muhammad Nassir and Mohd. Amin, Mohd. Zaki and Ismail, Nurul Adzura (2009) Regional climate scenarios using a statistical downscalling approach. Project Report. Faculty of Civil Engineering, Skudai, Johor. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

The climate impact studies in hydrology often rely on climate change information at fine spatial resolution. However, General Circulation Models (GCMs), which are among the most advanced tools for estimating future climate change scenarios, operate on a coarse scale. Therefore the output from a GCM has to be downscaled to obtain the information relevant to hydrologic studies. The results presented in this report have indicated that it is feasible to link large-scale atmospheric variables by GCM simulations from Hadley Centre 3rd generation (HadCM3) outputs with daily precipitation at a local site. Statistical Downscaling Model (SDSM) was applied using three set of data; daily precipitation data for the period 1961-1990 corresponding to Endau rainfall (Station no. 2536168) and Muar (Station no. 2228016) located in Johor at the Southern region of Peninsular Malaysia; The observed daily data of large-scale predictor variables derived from the National Centre for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) and GCM simulations from Hadley Centre 3rd generation (HadCM3). The HadCM3 data from 1961 to 2099 were extracted for 30-year time slices. The result clearly shows increasing increment of daily mean precipitation of most of the months within a year in comparison to current 1961-1990 to future projections 2020’s, 2050’s and 2080’s considering SRES A2 and B2 scenarios developed by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Frequency analysis techniques were carried out using the observed annual daily maximum precipitation for period 1961-1990 and downscaled future periods 2020’s, 2050’s and 2080’s. Therefore, it does appear that SDSM can be considered as a bench mark model to interpret the impact of climate change.

Item Type:Monograph (Project Report)
Uncontrolled Keywords:precipitation, downscaling, climate change
Subjects:T Technology > TS Manufactures
Divisions:Civil Engineering
ID Code:7873
Deposited By: Noor Aklima Harun
Deposited On:20 Feb 2009 04:01
Last Modified:18 May 2011 04:30

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