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The deduction of fine structural details of asymmetric nanofiltration membranes using theoretical models

Ismail, A. F. and Hassan, A. R. (2004) The deduction of fine structural details of asymmetric nanofiltration membranes using theoretical models. Journal of Membrane Science, 231 . pp. 23-36.

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Official URL: htto://www.elsevier.com/locate/memsci

Abstract

Asymmetric cellulose acetate nanofiltration (NF) membranes were prepared at different shear rate between 152.0 and 506.67 s-1 to investigate the effect of casting shear rate on the fine structural details of the membrane and membrane performance by using sodium chloride solution. The experimental data is modeled based on the pore flow, solution–diffusion mechanisms and the extended Nernst–Plank equation. The Spiegler–Kedem membrane transport model was used to evaluate the membrane parameters such as reflection coefficient, and solute permeability, Ps. The fine structural details of the nanofiltration membrane were evaluated in terms of effective pore radius rp, effective charge density Xd, ratio of effective membrane thickness to membrane porosity. The measurement was conducted using steric-hindrance pore (SHP) model. The effective charge density Xd, was determined using Teorell–Meyer–Sievers (TMS) model. The modeling results show that, the obtained values were in the range of the commercial available NF membranes.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Modeling, nanofiltration, Nernst–Plank equation, steric-hindarance pore
Subjects:T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions:Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering (Formerly known)
ID Code:781
Deposited By: Pn Norazana Ibrahim
Deposited On:11 Mar 2008 10:06
Last Modified:01 Jun 2010 02:48

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