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The impact of tropospheric delay towards the accuracy of GPS height determination

Yahya, Mohd. Hafiz and Kamaruddin, Md. Nor The impact of tropospheric delay towards the accuracy of GPS height determination. In: Joint International Symposium and Exhibition on Geoinformation and International Symposium and Exhibition on Gps/Gnss 2007, 5-7 November 2007, Persada Johor INternational Convention Centre,Johor Bahru, Johor.

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Abstract

When Global Positioning System (GPS) satellite signals propagates through the earth’s neutral atmosphere, the radio signals are affected significantly by the variability of its refractive index, which causes primarily in the delay of the arrival, usually referred to as the tropospheric delay. Without proper compensation, the delay affects significantly to the accuracy of GPS derived position especially in height component therefore is a matter of concern for geodetic and other high accuracy applications.With a view to visualize any discrepancies on height component of GPS measurement due to the tropospheric delay, RINEX data of MyRTKnet from five GPS reference stations in Johor have been integrated with GPS and ground local meteorological observations. Being held at one of GPS point in UTM, changes made on the antenna height at each observation session. In order to determine the amount of GPS signal propagation delay, a computer program namely TROPO.exe has also been developed based on a refined Saastamoinen tropospheric model. Results show that the tropospheric delay is a distance-dependent error that will increase when the baseline lenght between two stations increases. Furthermore, it also varies with changes in meteorological condition of daily observation.Based on another test using simulated data, it is proved that the amount of tropospheric delay will decrease when the antenna height increases.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords:ground local meteorological observation, MyRTKnet data, refined Saastamoinen model, tropospheric delay
Subjects:T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions:Geoinformation Science And Engineering (Formerly known)
ID Code:7723
Deposited By: En. Tajul Ariffin Musa
Deposited On:21 Jan 2009 02:09
Last Modified:24 Aug 2011 05:13

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