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Effect of Sintering Temperature on the Morphology and Mechanical Properties of PTFE Membranes as a Base Substrate for Proton Exchange Membrane

Zubir, Nor Aida and Ismail, Ahmad Fauzi (2002) Effect of Sintering Temperature on the Morphology and Mechanical Properties of PTFE Membranes as a Base Substrate for Proton Exchange Membrane. Songklanakarin Journal of Science and Technology, 24 (Suppl). pp. 823-831. ISSN 0125-3395

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Abstract

This paper reports the development of PTFE membranes as the base substrates for producing proton exchange membrane by using radiation-grafting technique. An aqueous dispersion of PTFE, which includes sodium benzoate, is cast in order to form suitable membranes. The casting was done by using a pneumatically controlled flat sheet membrane-casting machine. The membrane is then sintered to fuse the polymer particles and cooled. After cooling process, the salt crystals are leached from the membrane by dissolution in hot bath to leave a microporous structure, which is suitable for such uses as a filtration membrane or as a base substrate for radiation grafted membrane in PEMFC. The effects of sintering temperature on the membrane morphology and tensile strength were investigated at 350oC and 385oC by using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and EX 20, respectively. The pore size and total void space are significantly smaller at higher sintering temperature employed with an average pore diameter of 11.78 nm. The tensile strength and tensile strain of sintered PTFE membrane at 385oC are approximately 19.02 + 1.46 MPa and 351.04 + 23.13 %, respectively. These results were indicated at 385oC, which represents significant improvements in tensile strength and tensile strain, which are nearly twice those at 350oC.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Proton exchange membrane; Sintering temperature; Radiation-grafted membrane
Subjects:T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions:Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering (Formerly known)
ID Code:770
Deposited By: Pn Norazana Ibrahim
Deposited On:22 Feb 2007 05:40
Last Modified:25 Oct 2010 08:17

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