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Preparation of composite polymer electrolytes by electron beam-induced grafting: Proton- and lithium ion-conducting membranes

Nasef, Mohamed Mahmoud and Saidi, Hamdani and Mohd Dahlan, Kamarul Zaman (2007) Preparation of composite polymer electrolytes by electron beam-induced grafting: Proton- and lithium ion-conducting membranes. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, 265 (1). pp. 168-172. ISSN 0168-583X

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nimb.2007.08.044

Abstract

Two classes of composite polymer electrolyte membranes, one conducting lithium ions (Li+) and the other conducting protons (H+) were prepared using simultaneous electron beam-induced grafting. Porous poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) films were impregnated with styrene and subjected to electron beam (EB) irradiation to obtain polystyrene (PS) filled PVDF precursor films that were subsequently treated with either chlorosulfonic acid/1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane mixture to obtain H+-conducting composite membranes or LiPH6/EC/DEC liquid electrolyte to obtain Li+-conducting composite membranes. The properties of the obtained membranes were evaluated using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and AC impedance measurements. The obtained membranes were found to achieve grafting content up to 46% with superior Li+-conductivity of 1.91 × 10-3 S/cm and H+-conductivity of 5.95 × 10-2 S/cm. The results of this work show that simultaneous radiation-induced grafting with EB is a promising method to prepare high quality ion-conducting membranes for possible use in fuel cells and lithium batteries.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Composite polymer electrolyte, electron beam, fuel cells, lithium batteries, radiation-induced grafting
Subjects:T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions:Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering (Formerly known)
ID Code:7621
Deposited By: Nur Amal Zakiah Shamsudin
Deposited On:12 Jan 2009 06:27
Last Modified:01 Jun 2010 15:54

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