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Mechanical behaviour and fracture toughness evaluation of rubber toughened polypropylene nanocomposites

Hassan, Azman and Lim, Jian Wei and Rahmat, Abd Razak and Wahit, Mat Uzir (2006) Mechanical behaviour and fracture toughness evaluation of rubber toughened polypropylene nanocomposites. Plastics, Rubber and Composites Processing and Applications, 35 (1). pp. 37-46. ISSN 0959-8111

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1179/174328906X79897

Abstract

Rubber toughened polypropylene (PP) nanocomposites (RTPPNC) containing organophilic layered silicates were prepared by means of melt extrusion at 230°C using a co-rotating twin-screw extruder in order to examine the influence of the organoclay and polyethylene octene (POE) as filler and impact modifier, respectively, on mechanical and fracture properties. The mechanical properties of RTPPNC were studied through tensile, flexural and impact tests. The strength and stiffness of RTPPNC were improved significantly with an increase in the clay content, in the presence of maleic anhydride modified PP (PPgMAH). From the tensile and flexural tests, the optimum loading of organoclay in impact modified PP was found to be 6 wt-%. Conversely, the stiffness and strength of the blends decreased with respect to pure PP as the concentration of POE in the blends was increased. The essential work of fracture (EWF) method was also used to evaluate the fracture toughness of the RTPPNC. EWF measurements indicated that the specific essential work of fracture (we) decreased with an increase in the organoclay content. However, additions of POE elastomer are beneficial in enhancing the we of the PP blends. we appeared to increase with increasing POE content up to 20 wt-%.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Fracture toughness, mechanical properties, nanocomposite, organoclay, polypropylene (PP), rubber-toughened
Subjects:T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions:Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering (Formerly known)
ID Code:7442
Deposited By: Maznira Sylvia Azra Mansor
Deposited On:05 Jan 2009 03:35
Last Modified:05 Jan 2009 03:35

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