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Microwave pyrolysis of oil palm fibres

Arshad Adam, Salema and Ani, Farid Nasir (2010) Microwave pyrolysis of oil palm fibres. Jurnal Mekanikal : An International Journal (30). pp. 77-86. ISSN 0127-3396

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Abstract

Malaysia and Indonesia are generating millions of ton of oil palm fibres (OPF) from their oil palm mills as biomass solid wastes which needs proper waste utilization application. The main purpose of the present research was to pyrolyse the OPF biomass into bio-oil using microwave irradiation technique. A domestic microwave of 1000 W and 2.45 GHz frequency was modified to accommodate fluidized bed system. It was found that OPF showed poor microwave absorbing characteristics. Therefore, an appropriate microwave-absorbing material such as biomass char was added to initiate the pyrolysis process. Temperature profiles and bio-oil yield was investigated by varying the ratio of OPF to microwave absorber. It was found that the yield of bio-oil depended on the ratio of OPF to microwave absorber. Particular attention on the temperature profiles was also taken into account during microwave heating of OPF. It can be concluded that microwave technique can save significant time and energy through its rapid and volumetric heating characteristics

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:fast pyrolysis, biomass, microwave heating, oil palm fibres, bio-oil
Subjects:T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions:Mechanical Engineering
ID Code:7009
Deposited By: Dr Abd Rahim Abu Bakar
Deposited On:15 Dec 2008 07:50
Last Modified:04 Mar 2014 06:47

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