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A synthesis of aircraft approach, landing and overrun

Perumal, Kannan and Mansor, Shuhaimi (2008) A synthesis of aircraft approach, landing and overrun. In: 2nd Regional Conference on Vehicle Engineering & Technology, 15 - 16 July 2008, Hotel Istana, Kuala Lumpur.

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Abstract

All conventional aircraft flights start at a point of departure with a take-off and end at the destination with a landing. During this phase of Approach and Landing (ALA), the aircraft is transferred from the airborne state to the groundborne state and brought to a halt. Although landing an aircraft looks simple but in reality it is difficult to predict the performance during this phase due to its very dynamic nature, a high sensitivity to piloting technique and uncertainties in aerodynamics. As this critical maneuver (beside takeoff) takes place in close proximity to the ground, and at a low airspeed (‘dirty’), there is a relatively a high risk to the safety of the aircraft and its occupants. A significant number of incidents and accidents occur during this crucial phase in which the aircraft could not be stopped on the runway during landing. These occurrences are known as overruns. Although it has been a problem for quite a long time, unfortunately, not much have been learned from this harsh lesson. This paper presents some important and interesting facts regarding ALA that leads to runway overruns and the crucial aspects during the penultimate stages of the landing process such as the aircraft characteristics, dynamics, performance parameters, airworthiness and regulatory requirements. This paper is also an attempt to provide more information and greater awareness to the pilot and aircraft designers about landing and overrun issues.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords:approach & landing, landing profile, runway, overrun
Subjects:T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions:Mechanical Engineering
ID Code:7000
Deposited By: Dr Abd Rahim Abu Bakar
Deposited On:15 Dec 2008 07:20
Last Modified:15 Dec 2008 07:20

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