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Miniplates orientation for fracture fixation of the mandibular condyle

Abdul Kadir, Mohammed Rafiq and Haron, H. and Kamsah, N. and Nordin, N. (2008) Miniplates orientation for fracture fixation of the mandibular condyle. In: IFMBE Proceedings. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, pp. 438-441. ISBN 1680-0737

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Abstract

Mandibular fractures at the condylar region are normally treated with miniplates made of high stiffness and strength metallic materials. Rigid fixation is important to maintain the position of the two bone segments, thus improving the chances of bone union. Failure to achieve adequate stability will result in malunion or nonunion. In this study, two different orientations of miniplates were used to analyse the primary stability of the fractured site using finite element method. Three dimensional model of a mandible was reconstructed from CT dataset, and a low subcondylar fracture was simulated on the right side of the mandible. A straight 4-hole miniplate was modeled and placed onto the condylar neck axis and fixed with 2 screws, 2mm in diameter and 7mm long on either side of the fracture line. Two different orientations of the miniplates were used for comparison of primary stability and load transfer to the bone — along the condylar neck and below the mandibular notch. Non-linear contact analysis was used and the bone segments were allowed to slide against each other. Results showed that interface micromotion and stress distribution was larger for the miniplate positioned along the condylar neck compared to the one placed below the mandibular notch. For maximum stability, it is advisable to fix the straight miniplate across the fractured segment below the condylar notch.

Item Type:Book Section
Additional Information:part 3 - Miniplates Orientation for Fracture Fixation of the Mandibular Condyle, pp. 438-441, (Mohammed Rafiq Abdul Kadir, H. Haron, N. Kamsah and N. Nordin, Biomechanics & Tissue Engineering Group, Faculty of Biomedical Engineering and Health Science, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 Skudai, Malaysia, Faculty of Computer Science and Information Systems, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 Skudai, Malaysia, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 Skudai, Malaysia)
Uncontrolled Keywords:mandibular fracture, miniplates, biomechanics, finite element
Subjects:T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions:Mechanical Engineering
ID Code:6950
Deposited By: Mohamad Ali Duki
Deposited On:15 Dec 2008 07:39
Last Modified:15 Jun 2011 03:07

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