Ibrahim, Zuhairi and Othaman, Zulkafli and Abd Karim, Mohd Mustamam and Holland, Diane (2007) X-ray photoemission spectroscopy (XPS) analysis on platinum doped stannic oxide ceramic. Solid State Science and Technology, 15 (1). pp. 65-72. ISSN 0128-7389
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Official URL: http://journal.mass-malaysia.net/
Pt-SnO2 ceramics were fabricated by the dry pressing method and sintered at 1000 Â°C. The XPS spectrum showed the Sn 4d, Sn 4p, Sn 4s, C 1s, Sn 3d3/2, O 1s, Sn 3p1/2 and Sn 3s peaks. The high resolutions scan revealed that the 0 1s has a binding energy of 530.2 eV which indicates that there were oxygen vacancies in the doped material. The FWHM XPS spectrum was broader than the pure SnO2, which shows that there is a greater range of chemical environments and hence binding energies. The asymmetry in the 0 1s also shows that absorbed oxygen exists on the surface of the sample in ambient atmosphere. The Sn 3d5/2 peak was symmetric and has a small FWHM indicating that the compound has one component only. The atomic ratio of oxygen and tin (ratio of O 1s and Sn 3d d5/2) is ~ 1.30:1, a deviation of stoichiometry which was caused by oxygen deficiency on the surface region. The binding energies of both the Sn 3d5/2 and Sn 3 d3/2 shifted by 0.01 eV with respect to the pure SnO2 XPS spectrum sintered at the same temperature (1000 Â°C) and this is an indication that the chemical environment was changing due to the incorporation of Pt in SnO2. The Pt(2) which shows from the XPS spectrum was probably an oxide layer on the Pt metal or possibly dissolved in the SnO2. The XPS analysis also showed that the Pt 4f looks like mainly Pt(0) or Pt metal.
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||X-ray photoemission (XPS), chemical analysis, platinum doped stannic oxide ceramic, doped Pt-SnO2 ceramic|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QC Physics|
|Deposited By:||Assoc Prof Dr Zulkafli Othaman|
|Deposited On:||11 Nov 2008 04:08|
|Last Modified:||11 Nov 2008 04:08|
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