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Prediction of breakage during roller milling of mixtures of wheat kernels, based on single kernel measurements

Muhamad, Ida Idayu and Chaoying, Fang and Campbell, Grant M. (2008) Prediction of breakage during roller milling of mixtures of wheat kernels, based on single kernel measurements. Jurnal Teknologi (48F). pp. 75-83. ISSN 0127-9696

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Abstract

Wheat flour milling involves repeated breakage (by roller milling) and separation (by sifting) of flour particles to give efficient recovery of fine flour relatively free from bran contamination. A starting point for modelling the behaviour of mixtures of wheat kernels is to be able to measure the variation in kernel properties within the mixture. The Perten Single Kernel Characterisation System (SKCS) gives the distributions of kernel mass, moisture content, diameter and hardness within a mixture, from 300 kernels within 5 minutes. A challenge remains to relate these measured distributions to predictions of milling performance. To this end, a breakage function in terms of these measured parameters for individual kernels has been constructed, and integrated over the distribution of kernel properties using the breakage equation. These models allow prediction of the output particle size distribution delivered by First Break roller milling of kernels varying in size, hardness and variety, based entirely on SKCS characteristics. Predictions have been developed for both sharp-to-sharp and dull-to-dull roll dispositions, and show encouraging agreement with independent data.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Milling behaviour, particle size distribution, breakage, single kernel testing, wheat
Subjects:T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions:Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering (Formerly known)
ID Code:6759
Deposited By: Pn Norhayati Abu Ruddin
Deposited On:04 Nov 2008 01:32
Last Modified:23 Jun 2010 08:02

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