Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Institutional Repository

Transport Mechanism For Wireless Micro Sensor Network

Fisal, Norsheila (2008) Transport Mechanism For Wireless Micro Sensor Network. Project Report. Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Skudai, Johor. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Wireless sensor network (WSN) is a wireless ad hoc network that consists of very large number of tiny sensor nodes communicating with each other with limited power and memory constrain. WSN demands real-time routing which requires messages to be delivered within their end-to-end deadlines (packet lifetime). This report proposes a novel real-time with load distribution (RTLD) routing protocol that provides real time data transfer and efficient distributed energy usage in WSN. The RTLD routing protocol ensures high packet throughput with minimized packet overhead and prolongs the lifetime of WSN. The routing depends on optimal forwarding (OF) decision that takes into account of the link quality, packet delay time and the remaining power of next hop sensor nodes. RTLD routing protocol possesses built-in security measure. The random selection of next hop node using location aided routing and multi-path forwarding contributes to built-in security measure. RTLD routing protocol in WSN has been successfully studied and verified through simulation and real test bed implementation. The performance of RTLD routing in WSN has been compared with the baseline real-time routing protocol. The simulation results show that RTLD experiences less than 150 ms packet delay to forward a packet through 10 hops. It increases the delivery ratio up to 7 % and decreases power consumption down to 15% in unicast forwarding when compared to the baseline routing protocol. However, multi-path forwarding in RTLD increases the delivery ratio up to 20%. In addition, RTLD routing spreads out and balances the forwarding load among sensor nodes towards the destination and thus prolongs the lifetime of WSN by 16% compared to the baseline protocol. The real test bed experiences only slight differences of about 7.5% lower delivery ratio compared to the simulation. The test bed confirms that RTLD routing protocol can be used in many WSN applications including disasters fighting, forest fire detection and volcanic eruption detection.

Item Type:Monograph (Project Report)
Subjects:T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Divisions:Electrical Engineering
ID Code:6695
Deposited By: Noor Aklima Harun
Deposited On:31 Oct 2008 07:56
Last Modified:01 Jun 2010 15:46

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