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Application of commercial grade ammonia liquor in the selective non–catalytic reduction of nox in combusted gas from a diesel burner

Abul Hossain, Khandoker and Mohd. Jaafar, Mohammad Nazri and Mustafa, Azeman and Ani, Farid Nasir (2005) Application of commercial grade ammonia liquor in the selective non–catalytic reduction of nox in combusted gas from a diesel burner. Application of commercial grade ammonia liquor in the selective non–catalytic reduction of nox in combusted gas from a diesel burner . pp. 107-118. ISSN 0127-118

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Abstract

A pilot–scale investigation with Selective Non–catalytic Reduction (SNCR) of NOx were carried out by employing the aqueous solution of commercial grade ammonia liquor as NOx reducing agent in diesel burning exhaust at 6% excess oxygen and injection temperatures between 923 and 1323 K. The furnace simulated the small–scale combustion systems such as low capacity boilers, water heaters, oil heaters etc., which produce low level of baseline NOx, usually below 100 ppm and where the operating temperatures remain within the investigated temperature range. With 5% aqueous ammonia solution, at a Normalised Stoichiometric Ratio (NSR) of 4, as much as 57% reduction was achieved at an optimum temperature of 1063 K, which is quite significant for the investigated level of baseline NOx. The NOx reduction was observed to increase as the value of NSR increased. The residence time of the reagent has significant effect on the reaction performance, however, most of the reduction occurred within a short range of residence time and after that further increase in residence time showed very insignificant effect. The ammonia slip measurement showed that at optimum temperature and NSR of 4, the slip was about 18 ppm. The investigations demonstrate that commercial grade liquor ammonia is a potential NOx reducing agent, which could be used effectively and safely considering the health hazards.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:T Technology > T Technology (General)
Divisions:Mechanical Engineering
ID Code:6689
Deposited By: Mohd Sharizan Abu Bakar
Deposited On:23 Oct 2008 02:49
Last Modified:01 Jun 2010 15:46

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