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Effects of induced salinity on BOD5 reaction kinetics of river water samples

Zainudin, Zaki and Mohamed, Maketab and Ramli, Mohd. Rosslim (2010) Effects of induced salinity on BOD5 reaction kinetics of river water samples. The Malaysian Journal of Analytical Sciences, 14 (1). pp. 24-31. ISSN 1394-2506

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Official URL: http://www.ukm.my/mjas/v14_n1/Zaki.pdf

Abstract

Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD) is a typical parameter used in assessing organic pollution strength in surface waters and is normally tested over a 5-day period at an incubation temperature of 20°C (BOD5 ). The accuracy of this constituent, in assessing organic contamination under brackish conditions has always been known to be somewhat limited as elevated concentrations of chloride (Cl - ) disrupts microbial activity from osmotic cellular degradation, causing the bottle decay rate, k1 , to be effected. The aim of this study was to quantify the effects of induced salinity on k1 , with varying levels of sodium chloride (NaCl) concentration (5 – 25 ppt), towards six mildly polluted to polluted tropical river water samples. The observed variations ranged between 0.10 – 0.25/day of k1 for the stipulated samples using the Thomas graphical method for determination of the k1 rate constant. Sg. Rawang depicted the highest quantum of difference in k1, with decrement from 0.754/day (0 ppt) to 0.513/day (25 ppt), whereas Sg. Klang showed the lowest quantum, from 0.306/day (0 ppt) to 0.265/day (25 ppt).

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:BOD5 saline, brackish, estuarine, bottle decay rate
Subjects:Q Science > QD Chemistry
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions:Science
ID Code:634
Deposited By: Ms Halimah Baki
Deposited On:19 Nov 2012 07:40
Last Modified:19 Nov 2012 07:51

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