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GIS as a tool for development planning and monitoring

Yaakup, Ahris GIS as a tool for development planning and monitoring. In: NGIS 2004.

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Abstract

Planning methodology has changed over the years following the shift of emphasis from producing plan, which described a state of affairs expected of some future date, to one acknowledging the continuous and cyclical nature of planning. This necessitates planning be based on the identification of needs and goals, the formulation and evaluation of alternative courses of action and monitoring of adopted programmes. It can be traced that the development of planning support system run parallel from the ‘database’ to ‘information’ approach, starting from a focus on applied science in the 1960s through a profound consideration on the political process in the 1970s and to an emphasis on communication in the 1980s. Currently, the employment of Geographical Information Technology (GIT) as a tool for development planning in Malaysia indicates the growing GIT application in planning process. Using examples from current Geographical Information Systems (GIS) implementation projects, this paper will discuss GIS development and application for plan preparation and monitoring of development. The application indicates that the functionality of GIS can be enhanced by adding new model and analytical tools to existing system and by using the GIS toolkit to the best effect. GIS for the purpose of plan preparation and monitoring of development extend beyond a well-integrated and comprehensive database. Current focus is seen directed toward organisation of the system to facilitate ad-hoc query, analysis and development planning and control as well as the use of planning support systems (PSS) to enhance spatial modelling and scenario generation. The use of plan evaluation technique such as Spatial Multi-Criteria Evaluation (SMCE) is also part of the important elements that could determine the ultimate success of GIS application in plan making. Consequently, it will be used to assist decision-making, taking into account among other things, the current scenarios of the proposed development, physical constraint and future impacts. On the other hand, development of web-based GIS to encourage public participation and establish data sharing between planning authorities is also among the efforts adopted to enhance the development planning process. Toward conclusion, this paper will address further the issues of GIS development and application, in particular the GIS capacity building and geodata infrastructure.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Planning, GIS, Development Plan, Planning Support Systems
Subjects:G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General)
Divisions:Built Environment
ID Code:627
Deposited By: Mr Syahrul Hasni Hasnan
Deposited On:21 Feb 2007 03:48
Last Modified:20 Feb 2012 01:39

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