Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Institutional Repository

Planar fractal dipole antenna for the UHF band

Mohammad Irfan, Mohammad Irfan (2007) Planar fractal dipole antenna for the UHF band. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Faculty of Electrical Engineering.


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The Ultra High Frequency (UHF) band has long been used for voice,data and video communication. The lower frequency band of the UHF which is the 470 – 890 MHz is used for terrestrial TV broadcast. The conventional UHF antennas for receiving TV signals are quite large and directional. It would be better to have a compact and omnidirectional antenna that can be easily fabricated, especially for portable devices such as portable televisions. Koch curve fractal structure is one of the fractal geometries used in antenna designs. One of the benefits of using fractals in the design of antenna structure includes miniaturization. The dipole antenna is one of the omnidirectional that can be easily designed. The planar type of antenna is one of the easiest to fabricate. This project report describes the design of the planar fractal antenna for the UHF band using the Koch curve structure. Different shapes of antenna using the truncated ground plane have been designed and simulated to investigate which is the one that gives the best performance. The simulation process was done using the Agilent ADS software. The antenna has been fabricated on the FR4 microstrip board with r e = 4.6 and thickness of 1.6 mm using the photolitography and wet etching technique. The simulation result shows that the Koch curve can be used to minimize the length of the dipole. It also shows that the folded dipole configuration together with using Koch curve can increase bandwidth and minimize the length of the antenna. The bandwidth achieved for this antenna based on simulation is 5% and based on measurement is 7% which is quite small compared to the 470-890 MHz band but adequate to receive channel 57-62 UHF. The radiation patterns shows the characteristic of a dipole which is omnidirectional.

Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Additional Information:Thesis (Sarjana Kejuruteraan (Elektrikal - Elektronik dan Telekomunikasi)) - Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 2007; Supervisor : Dr. Mohamad Kamal A. Rahim
Uncontrolled Keywords:FR4 microstrip board, photolitography, planar fractal
Subjects:T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
H Social Sciences > HE Transportation and Communications
Divisions:Electrical Engineering
ID Code:6113
Deposited By: Narimah Nawil
Deposited On:24 Sep 2008 08:34
Last Modified:26 Aug 2018 04:43

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