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Enzymatic enantioselective acylation of sterically aromatic secondary alcohol

Chua, Lee Suan and Sarmidi, Mohamad Roji (2005) Enzymatic enantioselective acylation of sterically aromatic secondary alcohol. Developments in Chemical Engineering and Mineral Processing, 13 (5/6). pp. 605-616. ISSN 1969-1855

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Abstract

This study focused on the kinetic resolution of (R,S)-I-phenylethanol using lauric acid as acyl donor. The enantioselective esterification was catalysed by immobilised lipases in organic media. From exploratory experiments, several commercial immobilised lipases were screened for their efficiency in resolving the racemic alcohol. They were lipases from Pseudomonas cepacia, Candida antarctica and Candida rugosa (Candida cylindracea) with different immobilisation methods. The cross-linked enzyme crystal of P. cepacia lipase (ChiroCLEC-PC) and the carrier-fixed lyophilised C antarctica lipase B (Chirazyme L2, c.-f., C3, lyo) showed the highest performance in term of enzyme activity as well as enzyme enantioselectivity. They were selective towards the R-enantiomer of 1-phenylethanol with enantiomeric ratio (E) above 200. The presence of S-enantiomers in the racemic alcohol did not cause inhibition to the resolution. Kinetic studies were carried out by varying the substrates concentration at the determined reaction conditions. Both enzymes required three fold molar excess of lauric acid over (R,S)-l-phenylethanol (50 mM) in order to achieve the highest initial reaction rate. When using, the molar excess of (R,S)-l-phenylethanol, equilibrium conversion dropped due to enzyme deactivation.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Enantioselectivity, immobilised lipase, kinetic resolution, optically active alcohol
Subjects:T Technology > T Technology (General)
Divisions:Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering (Formerly known)
ID Code:5552
Deposited By: Norhani Jusoh
Deposited On:15 May 2008 10:33
Last Modified:01 Jun 2010 15:32

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