Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Institutional Repository

Effects of catalyst preparation on multi-walled carbon nanotubes growth

Tee, J. C. and Aziz, M. and Ismail, Ahmad Fauzi (2007) Effects of catalyst preparation on multi-walled carbon nanotubes growth. In: The 23rd Regional Conference On Solid State Science and Technology 2007, 27-29 November 2007, Hyatt Regency Hotel, Johor Bahru, Malaysia.

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Abstract

The morphology, textural properties and particle size of the supported catalyst greatly affect the yield and quality of the resulting carbon nanotubes. In addition, the properties of the supported catalyst was dependent on the catalyst preparation method. In this work, alumina supported cobalt-ferrum catalysts were prepared using 3 different methods, namely hotplate (A), (B) and wet impregnation (C). The alumina supported cobalt-ferrum catalysts were applied in the synthesis of Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes (MWNTs) using Catalytic Chemical Vapour Deposition (CCVD) technique. The morphology and particle size of the cobalt-ferrum catalysts before and after the MWNTs synthesis were examined by Field-Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FE-SEM) while the surface elemental composition of the samples was obtained by Energy Dispersive X-ray Analysis (EDX). From the FE-SEM microraphs, the morphology of catalysts A, B and C were found to be different, the particle sizes ranged from 20 – 50 nm. The diameters of the MWNTs yield from samples A, B and C were found to be related to the catalyst particle size. It was observed that the smaller the catalyst particle, the thinner the MWNTs obtained. The MWNTs with smaller diameter were obtained with higher purity and quality because the nanotube surface are free from amorphous carbon. Therefore different catalyst preparation methods resulted in different sizes of the catalyst particle in order to synthesis MWNTs with desired diameter.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Catalyst preparation, carbon nanotubes growth, sonication, wet impregnation
Subjects:T Technology > T Technology (General)
Divisions:Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering (Formerly known)
ID Code:5514
Deposited By: Norhani Jusoh
Deposited On:06 May 2008 01:08
Last Modified:01 Jun 2010 15:31

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