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Hydrogen adsorption on activated carbon and carbon nanotubes using volumetric differential pressure technique

Mohd Sanip, Suhaila and Saidin, Mohd Abdul Razis and Ismail, Ahmad Fauzi (2007) Hydrogen adsorption on activated carbon and carbon nanotubes using volumetric differential pressure technique. In: International Conference on Advancement of Materials and Nanotechnology 2007, 29th May-1st June 2007, The City Bayview Hotel, Langkawi, Kedah.

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Abstract

In this work, we report a simple hydrogen adsorption measurement system utilizing the volumetric differential pressure technique has been designed, fabricated and calibrated. Hydrogen adsorption measurements have been carried out at temperatures 298K and 77K on activated carbon and carbon nanotubes with different surfaces areas. The adsorption data obtained will be helpful in understanding the adsorption property of the studied carbon materials using the fundamentals of adsorption theory. The principle of the system follows the Sievert-type model. The system measures a change in pressure between the reference cell, R1 and the sample cells, S1, S2, S3 over a certain temperature range . R1,S1, S2 and S3 having known fixed volumes. The sample temperatures will be monitored by thermocouple TC while the pressures in R1 and S1,S2,S3 will be measured using a digital pressure transducer. The maximum operating pressure of thepressure transducer is 20 bar and calibrated with an accuracy of of the pressure transducer is 20 bar and calibrated with an accuracy of ±0.014 bar. High purity hydrogen is being used in the system and the amount of samples for the study is between 1.0-2.0 grams. The system was calibrated using helium gas without any samples in S1,S2, and S3. This will provide a correction factor during the adsorption process providing an adsorption-free reference point when using hydrogen gas resulting in a more accurate reading of the adsorption process by eliminating the errors caused by temperature expansion effects and other non-adsorption related phenomena. The ideal gas equation is applied to calculate the hydrogen adsorption capacity based on the differential pressure measurements. Activated carbon with a surface area of 644.87 m2/g showed a larger amount of adsorption as compared to multiwalled nanotubes (commercial) with a surface area of 119.68m2/g. This study also indicated that there is a direct correlation between the amounts of hydrogen adsorbed and surface area of the carbon materials under the conditions studied and that the adsorption is significant at 77K.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Activated carbon, carbon nanotubes, hydrogen adsorption, volumetric differential pressure technique
Subjects:T Technology > T Technology (General)
Divisions:Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering (Formerly known)
ID Code:5466
Deposited By: Norhani Jusoh
Deposited On:29 Apr 2008 08:37
Last Modified:01 Jun 2010 15:31

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