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Finite element modelling of primary hip stem stability: The effect of interference fit

Abdul-Kadir, Mohammed Rafiq and Ulrich, Hansen and Ralf, Klabunde and Duncan, Lucas and Andrew, Amis (2008) Finite element modelling of primary hip stem stability: The effect of interference fit. Journal of Biomechanics, 41 (Issue 3). 587-594 . ISSN 0021-9290

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Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/00219...

Abstract

The most commonly reported complications related to cementless hip stems are loosening and thigh pain; both of these have been attributed to high levels of relative micromotion at the bone–implant interface due to insufficient primary fixation. Primary fixation is believed by many to rely on achieving a sufficient interference fit between the implant and the bone. However, attempting to achieve a high interference fit not infrequently leads to femoral canal fracture either intra-operatively or soon after. The appropriate range of diametrical interference fit that ensures primary stability without risking femoral fracture is not well understood. In this study, a finite element model was constructed to predict micromotion and, therefore, instability of femoral stems. The model was correlated with an in vitro micromotion experiment carried out on four cadaver femurs. It was confirmed that interference fit has a very significant effect on micromotion and ignoring this parameter in an analysis of primary stability is likely to underestimate the stability of the stem. Furthermore, it was predicted that the optimal level of interference fit is around 50 μm as this is sufficient to achieve good primary fixation while having a safety factor of 2 against femoral canal fracture. This result is of clinical relevance as it indicates a recommendation for the surgeon to err on the side of a low interference fit rather than risking femoral fracture.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions:Mechanical Engineering
ID Code:5418
Deposited By: Dr Abd Rahim Abu Bakar
Deposited On:19 Apr 2008 03:23
Last Modified:22 Apr 2008 00:30

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