Mohtar, Mohd Ajib and Sarmidi, Mohamad Roji and Abdul Aziz, Ramlan (2005) Modelling and optimisation of eurycoma longifolia extraction utilisation a recirculating flow extractor. In: 2nd International Conference on Chemical and Bioprocess Engineering in conjunction with 19th Symposium of Malaysian Chemical Engineers (SOMChE 2005), 8-10 December 2005, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah.
In this study, Tongkat Ali was extracted with a newly designed recirculating flow extractor with temperature and flowrate as the operating parameters. A preliminary study determined the optimum duration and ratio for extraction to be 90 minutes and 40:1 w/w. The determination of optimal operating parameter value for this extractor was based on maximum percentage extract yield and solid diffusivity, Ds, value. From the experiments, it was found that the temperature and flow rate that produce the highest yield and solid diffusivity value are at 90Â°C and 400 rpm (22.47ml/s). The optimal operating parameter values were used to compare the recirculating flow extractor performance with a batch extraction at 90 Â°C. The comparison showed that the batch extraction was able to extract more rapidly than the recirculating flow extractor. The solid diffusivity, Ds value for the batch extraction was found to be is 3.12 x 10(-11) m(2)s(-1) while the recirculating flow extractor had a solid diffusivity, Ds value of 2.98 x 10(-11) m(2)s(-1) which indicated the difference in extraction rate. However, the extractions utilizing the recirculating flow extractor produced a higher final yield than batch extraction at 7.70 % (w/w) for the recirculating flow extractor and 6.67 % (w/w) for the batch extraction. This is possibly caused by the higher rates of solvent losses through evaporation for batch extraction.
|Item Type:||Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)|
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||Eurycoma longifolia, herbal processing, modelling, optimisation, phytochemical processing, tongkat ali|
|Subjects:||T Technology > T Technology (General)|
|Divisions:||Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering (Formerly known)|
|Deposited By:||Norhani Jusoh|
|Deposited On:||14 Apr 2008 04:03|
|Last Modified:||01 Jun 2010 15:29|
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