Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Institutional Repository

Simulation of glass transition of polystyrene

Supiyah, S. N. and Arsad, Agus (2005) Simulation of glass transition of polystyrene. In: Simposium Polimer Kebangsaan Ke-5, 23-24 August 2005, Hotel Residence, UNITEN.

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Abstract

The physical aging kinetics of polystyrene was utilized to simulate or predict the glass transition behavior of the polymer. The parameters that characterize the glass transition behavior are the glass transition Tg, aging enthalpy ΔH, activation ethalphy ΔHa, cooling rate R and Arhenius constant A. An experimented kinetic data of aged polystyrene was acquired from literature. The kinetic equations of polymer aging were manipulated to simulate the profiles of fictive temperature, heat capacity, heat flow and temperature change. The variation of these profiles on changes of cooling rate, R, non-linearity parameter X and distribution constant β were observed. Finally, these data were graphically analyzed and manipulated to acquire values of Tg, ΔH and also to back-calculate the aging constant: A and ΔHa. These calculated values were compared with experimented results in order to evaluate the feasibility of the simulation. These results and curve patterns matched that of the experimented data. It was also found that X and β impose little effect on Tg but influence a lot the thermal properties and rate of glass formation. R values on the other hand are influential on glass transition temperature. The results of the analysis suggested that the simulation is feasible in studying on physical aging and glass transition phenomenon of polymers.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Aging enthalpy, glass transition, polystyrene, physical aging, polymer
Subjects:T Technology > T Technology (General)
Divisions:Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering (Formerly known)
ID Code:5359
Deposited By: Norhani Jusoh
Deposited On:31 Mar 2008 09:18
Last Modified:01 Jun 2010 15:29

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