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Sintesis dan penggunaan cecair ionik terbitan N-Metilpirolidina dalam tindak balas diels-alder

Ibrahim, Sofian (2004) Sintesis dan penggunaan cecair ionik terbitan N-Metilpirolidina dalam tindak balas diels-alder. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Faculty of Science.

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Abstract

Research in the use of ionic liquid as an alternative solvent for convensional organic solvents in organic synthesis is still in the early stage. In this research, Nmethylpyrrolidinium iodide salts have been synthesised from N-methylpyrrolidine with several alkyl iodides. The tetrafluoroborate and hexafluorophosphate salts were synthesised through metathesis reactions with silver tetrafluoroborate and silver hexafluorophosphate respectively. All salts obtained have been characterized using CHN elemental analysis, melting point, density, molar conductivity and 'H-NMR spectroscopy. The melting point range for the N-methylpyrrolidine salts is between room temperature and up to 300°C. The correlations between type of anions and alkyl chain length with melting point, density and molar conductivities have been studied. It was found that the length of the alkyl chain has no effect on the melting point of all the iodides, tetrafluoroborates and hexafluorophophates salts. However, the molar conductivities for the salts increase with increasing alkyl chains length and the type or the size of anion. The density of all the salts increase with increasing salts size. This is because salts with bigger size will have a higher density compared with those with smaller size. Room temperature ionic liquid N-methyl-N-propylpyrolidinium tetrafluoroborate (25) has been selected to be used as an alternative for organic solvents in three Diels-Alder reactions namely, cyclopentadiene (37) with maleic anhydride (41) and N-phenylmaleimide (38), and between N-phenylmaleimide (38) with 3-sulfolene (44). In these reactions, the adducts consist of a mixture of exo and endo stereoisomers The effect of heat towards yield percentage and stereoisomer ratio in the Diels-Alder reactions has been studied. Endo adduct was found to be the main stereoisomer if the reactions were carried out in the presence of heat. In contrast, the exo adduct was the main stereoisomer when the reaction is carried without heat treatment. However, the yield percentages and ratio of exo:endo adducts in ionic liquid solvent are higher than in convensional organic solvents either with or without the presence of heat. Preparative T.L.C, T.L.C, GC-MS, 'H-NMR spectroscopy, CHN and melting point methods have been used to characterize and confirm the adduct

Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Additional Information:Thesis (Sarjana Sains (Kimia)) - Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 2004; Supervisor : Assoc. Prof. Dr. Mustafa b. Shamsuddin
Uncontrolled Keywords:organic synthesis, Diels-Alder reaction, ionic liquid, N-methylpyrrolidine
Subjects:Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions:Science
ID Code:5346
Deposited By: Ms Zalinda Shuratman
Deposited On:11 Apr 2008 00:20
Last Modified:28 Aug 2012 05:38

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