Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Institutional Repository

The effects of bismuth, strontium and antimony additions on the microstructure and mechanical properties of A356 aluminium casting alloy

Ling, Tuong Thai (2006) The effects of bismuth, strontium and antimony additions on the microstructure and mechanical properties of A356 aluminium casting alloy. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering.

[img] PDF
Restricted to Repository staff only

[img] PDF
[img] PDF
[img] PDF


Aluminium castings offer significant weight reduction and improved fuel efficiency. Nowadays, aluminium recycling is widely practiced so impurity-related problems has become more important. Bismuth is one of the alloying elements added to aluminium alloys to improve their machinability, but little is known about its effect as a modifier or refiner. There has also been little investigation on the effect of low strontium contents (0.001wt% to 0.006wt%) on porosity formation. In the present work both sand and permanent moulds were used to produce bars containing varying strontium-bismuth ratios with some being treated with 0.2wt% antimony to investigate the interaction between these elements. A quench-during-solidification technique had been performed to study the effect of low strontium content on nucleation and growth of porosity in A356 alloy. Optical microscope, image analyzer, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive x-ray analysis (EDX) and x-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis were used to characterize the eutectic silicon, porosity and other phases. Strontium content as low as 0.004wt% was found to bring upon modification to the morphology of the eutectic silicon, whereas an addition of 0.005wt% bismuth refined the eutectic silicon. Beyond this level of bismuth the silicon phase was found to undergo coarsening. A strontium-bismuth ratio of at least 0.5 is suggested to be necessary to ensure a modified silicon morphology, whereas the refining effect of antimony was not affected by bismuth addition. Percentage area of porosity and pore roundness were found to increase with increasing strontium content, reasonably due to earlier pore growth and less shrinkage-type porosity in the castings. The nucleation of new pores occurred at the solid fraction of around 75%, regardless of strontium content. In the present work, the effect of low strontium content, cooling rate and heat treatment (T6) on the mechanical properties was also studied. The results showed that the mechanical properties were less affected by the strontium level but more by heat treatment and cooling rates.

Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Additional Information:Master of Engineering (Mechanical) - Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 2006; Supervisor I : Assoc. Prof. Dr. Ali Ourdjini; Supervisor II : Dr. Mohd. Hasbullah b. Haji Idris
Uncontrolled Keywords:aluminium castings alloy, microstructure, mechanical properties, aluminium recycling, aluminium alloys, bismuth, strontium, antimony
Subjects:T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions:Mechanical Engineering
ID Code:5318
Deposited By: Ms Zalinda Shuratman
Deposited On:09 Apr 2008 03:27
Last Modified:12 Jul 2012 02:49

Repository Staff Only: item control page