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Income-carbon footprint relationships for urban and rural households of Iskandar Malaysia

Majid, Mohammad Rafee and Moeinzadeh, S. N. and Tifwa, H. Y. (2014) Income-carbon footprint relationships for urban and rural households of Iskandar Malaysia. 8th International Symposium of the Digital Earth (ISDE8), 18 (1). ISSN 1755-1315


Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/18/1/012164


Iskandar Malaysia has a vision to achieve sustainable development and a low carbon society status by decreasing the amount of CO2 emission as much as 60% by 2025. As the case is in other parts of the world, households are suspected to be a major source of carbon emission in Iskandar Malaysia. At the global level, 72% of greenhouse gas emission is a consequence of household activities, which is influenced by lifestyle. Income is the most important indicator of lifestyle and consequently may influence the amount of households' carbon footprint. The main objective of this paper is to illustrate the carbon-income relationships in Iskandar Malaysia's urban and rural areas. Data were gathered through a questionnaire survey of 420 households. The households were classified into six categories based on their residential area status. Both direct and indirect carbon footprints of respondents were calculated using a carbon footprint model. Direct carbon footprint includes domestic energy use, personal travel, flight and public transportation while indirect carbon footprint is the total secondary carbon emission measurement such as housing operations, transportation operations, food, clothes, education, cultural and recreational services. Analysis of the results shows a wide range of carbon footprint values and a significance correlation between income and carbon footprint. The carbon footprints vary in urban and rural areas, and also across different urban areas. These identified carbon footprint values can help the authority target its carbon reduction programs.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:carbon, carbon dioxide, carbon footprint, greenhouse gases, housing, rural areas
Subjects:T Technology > TH Building construction
Divisions:Built Environment
ID Code:53136
Deposited By: Siti Nor Hashidah Zakaria
Deposited On:01 Feb 2016 03:53
Last Modified:19 Jul 2018 07:25

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