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Effect of microwave treatment on moisture content and vitamin C retention of papaya

Md Zaki, Nurul Asyikin and Md. Salleh, Liza and Muhamad, Ida Idayu (2005) Effect of microwave treatment on moisture content and vitamin C retention of papaya. In: First International Symposium on Papaya, 22-24 November 2005, Genting Highlands, Malaysia.

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Abstract

Due to the increasing demands of fruit drink mixes, papaya fruit tea is proposed for commercialization as a nutritious tea drink by maintaining the quality of the processed fruit. The aim of this project is to study the effect of microwave power input and geometry of fruits during microwave treatment of papaya on quality of the dried products based on moisture content and vitamin C retention. Different geometry (slices of 4.0 x 2.0 x 0.5 cm and cubes of 1 cm3) of papaya were treated in microwave oven at different levels of power input (low to medium) until the moisture content is less than 1.00. Analysis of vitamin C content was then carried out to determine the quality attributes of microwave-treated papaya. Papaya slices treated in medium power microwave oven reached lower moisture content than cubes for a specified time. Both geometries were found to be able to retain vitamin C to a desired level. Microwave treatment as a means of preservation and drying of fruits has proved to increase dried product quality retention. A unique processing technique of papaya fruit tea has been established by optimization of the dehydration process.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Microwave treatment, moisture content, papaya, vitamin C
Subjects:T Technology > T Technology (General)
Divisions:Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering (Formerly known)
ID Code:5274
Deposited By: Norhani Jusoh
Deposited On:19 Mar 2008 00:51
Last Modified:01 Jun 2010 15:28

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