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Effect of solvent/additives ratio on cellulose acetate dialysis membrane formation and urea clearance

Idris, Ani and Lee, Kuan Yet (2005) Effect of solvent/additives ratio on cellulose acetate dialysis membrane formation and urea clearance. In: Advanced Technology Congress, 6-8 December 2005, Putrajaya Marriott Hotel, Putrajaya.

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Abstract

Cellulose acetate flat sheet asymmetric dialysis membranes were fabricated via phase inversion process using acetic acid as the solvent. The effects of solvent to polymeric additives (polyethylene glycol; PEG 600) ratio on the morphology and urea clearance of the dialysis membranes were investigated. Dialysis membranes from six different formulations were tasted using phase inversion method and were tested using single layer dialysis apparatus. The performances of the obtained membranes were tested using 1 mg/mL urea solution and the morphology of the membranes was characterized using scanning electron microscope. It was found that higher acetic acid/PEG ratio provide better urea clearance performance. Furthermore, the amount of additives strongly affects the membrane structure. Higher acetic acid/PEG ratio induced the formation of finger like structure macrovoids whilst dense spongy structures were found with lower acetic acid/PEG ratios. However, control experiment showed that the presence of PEG in the dope formulations is essential in order to increase the dialysis membrane performance.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Acetic acid, cellulose acetate dialysis, membrane, solvent/additives ratio, urea clearance
Subjects:T Technology > T Technology (General)
Divisions:Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering (Formerly known)
ID Code:5267
Deposited By: Norhani Jusoh
Deposited On:14 Mar 2008 02:32
Last Modified:01 Jun 2010 15:28

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