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Comparison of sludge drying performance between microwave and convective drying

Taib, Mohamad Rozainee and W. Ali, W. Khairuddin and Tan, K. G. and Tan, C. H. and Kumoro, A. C. (2001) Comparison of sludge drying performance between microwave and convective drying. Proceedings of The 15th Symposium of Malaysian Chemical Engineers SOMChE 2001 . pp. 361-367.

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Abstract

Drying of the sludge which reduces its volume and mass is an important aspect for sludge management. Experiments were carried out to compare the efficiency between microwave and convective drying. The results showed that microwave drying is more efficient than convective drying up to about 30 times. This is mainly caused by the different drying mechanisms. Microwave penetrate into total mass of sludge and cause water molecules to vibrate rapidly. Vibration of water molecules creates frictional heat and sludge heated volumetrically that avoids limitation of the poor heat conductivity of the material. It was clearly indicated by the core temperature profiles during drying. In microwave drying, the core temperature achieved 85C in less than one minute, while convective drying took about 500 minutes to achieve the same temperature. Higher power level of microwave gave higher drying rate. Hence the energy and time required for the drying process were reduced significantly.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Convective, core temperature, drying, microwave, sludge treatment
Subjects:T Technology > T Technology (General)
Divisions:Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering (Formerly known)
ID Code:5038
Deposited By: Norhani Jusoh
Deposited On:22 Jan 2008 04:14
Last Modified:01 Jun 2010 03:22

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