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Pre-processing and classification of airborne hyperspectral data for wetlands mapping

Lau, Alvin Meng Shin (2004) Pre-processing and classification of airborne hyperspectral data for wetlands mapping. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Faculty of Geoinformation Science and Engineering.

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Abstract

The focus of this study is on information extraction from wetland areas using Pushbroom Hyperspectral Imager (PHI) data in Sungai Kisap, Langkawi. PHI data with high spatial and spectral resolution (2 m spatial and 5 nm spectral resolution) is very sensitive to variations in the reflectance of an object's surface. Therefore, hyperspectral data pre-processing (i.e. radiometric conection, geometric correction and data mosaicking, topographic normalization, data masking, spectral data reduction and spatial data reduction) were employed to ensure that data used for wetland information extraction are well corrected. To enable the feature extraction, two sets of spectral libraries (one for land cover classes and another for mangrove classes) were created fiom a field campaign. Feature d o n using a thresholding technique was employed to extract information fiom the PHI data. Two data classification techniques were also used, namely (1) Spectral Angle Mapper, and (2) Binary Encoding. Four land cover classes and four mangrove classes had been successfilly extracted Erom PHI data. A spectral Angle M' classified PHI image with spectral angle 0.3 radian gives the best classification result over 80 % of overall accuracy with Kappa Coefficient of 0.557. Other classifiers tested also give reasonable results (over 70% of overall accuracy). The final outputs of this study are a land cover map and a mangrove classes map of Sungai Kisap area.

Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Additional Information:Thesis (Master of Science (Remote Sensing)) - Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 2004; Supervisor : Prof. Dr. Mazlan bin Hashim
Uncontrolled Keywords:information extraction, wetland, Pushbroom Hyperspectral Imager (PHI), airborne hyperspectral data, remote sensing
Subjects:T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
Divisions:Geoinformation Science And Engineering (Formerly known)
ID Code:4812
Deposited By: Ms Zalinda Shuratman
Deposited On:29 Feb 2008 05:23
Last Modified:28 Aug 2012 05:48

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