Kamis, Azmaliza and Setan, Halim (2007) The applications of surveying techniques in Kuala Lumpur Smart Tunnel Project. In: Joint International Symposium and Exhibition on Geoinformation and International Symposium and Exhibition on Gps/Gnss 2007, 5-7 November 2007, Persada Johor INternational Convention Centre, Johor Bahru, Johor.
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Underground survey, a branch of Geomatic engineering, is done practically in underground environment. The important applications of underground survey are tunneling and mining surveys. Recently, a special tunnel called SMART (Stormwater Management and Road Tunnel) was successfully constructed in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. SMART is the first tunnel in the world which combines two systems, i.e. a motorway system to reduce traffic congestion in Kuala Lumpur and a stormwater system to reduce flash flood in the city centre. Underground survey is an integral part of SMART Tunnel Project. This study examines the applications of surveying techniques in SMART tunnel project in various construction stages (i.e. pre-construction, during construction and post-construction). The following surveying techniques were used: control survey via GPS, total station and precise leveling; detail survey with total station; underground survey using total station; monitoring survey with total station and leveling; and specialized technique for real time survey during the construction.
|Item Type:||Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)|
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||surveying technique, SMART tunnel|
|Subjects:||T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)|
|Divisions:||Geoinformation Science And Engineering (Formerly known)|
|Deposited By:||En. Tajul Ariffin Musa|
|Deposited On:||13 Dec 2007 06:08|
|Last Modified:||11 May 2011 02:23|
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