Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Institutional Repository

The formation of paraffin wax crystal in flow

Abdul Kadir, Abdul Aziz and Ismail, Issham and Hamid, Mohd. Fauzi (1998) The formation of paraffin wax crystal in flow. Proceedings of International Conference on Mixing and Crystallization .

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Abstract

The flow of crude oil from oil reservoir to the surface is controlled by the pressure difference between the subsurface pressure and wellhead pressure at the platform. The pressure drop is also required to pump the crude oil from the platform to the inland processing plant. A significant amount of heavy paraffin components may solidify to form needle-like crystals as the flow temperature reaches the temperature of supercritical fluid. The drop of temperature is due to heat losses to the surrounding and low initial operation temperature. The crystallisation temperature is measured via the Differential Scanning Calorimeter. The Scanning Calorimetry method provides the initial indication of phases transition at simulated heat loss at isobaric condition. The result was correlated to flow properties such as the pour point and fluid rheology.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Differential scanning calorimeter, fluid rheology, heavy paraffin components, paraffin wax crystal, pour point
Subjects:T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions:Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering (Formerly known)
ID Code:4156
Deposited By: Prof Madya Issham Ismail
Deposited On:07 Aug 2007 04:48
Last Modified:01 Jun 2010 03:15

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