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Structure of polyethylene-graft-polystyrene sulfonic acid membranes prepared by radiation-induced grafting

Nasef, Mohamed Mahmoud and Saidi, Hamdani (2004) Structure of polyethylene-graft-polystyrene sulfonic acid membranes prepared by radiation-induced grafting. International Journal of Polymeric Materials, 53 . pp. 1027-1043.

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Abstract

Structural behavior of polyethylene-graft-polystyrene sulfonic acid (PE-g-PSSA) membranes prepared by simultaneous radiation-induced grafting of styrere onto low density polyethylene (PE) films followed by sulfonation was investigated. FTIR, X-ray diffraction (XRD) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) were used to monitor the changes in the morphology and the crystallinity taking place in the membranes during the applied two step preparation procedure (grafting and sulfonation) and the variation of the degree of grafting. Thermal properties such as melting temperature (Tm) and the heat of melting (Hm) were also studied. The membranes showed a chemical structure of strongly hydrophilic nature due to the presence of (SO3-) groups with their associated water molecules. Both grafting and subsequent sulfonation were found to induce significant structural changes in the PE matrix. The overall crystallinity of the membranes was found to decrease with the increase in the degree of grafting and that is attributed to the cumulative effect of dilution and partial disruption of the inherent crystallites of the PE films.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Radiation grafted PE-g-PSSA membranes, structural behavior, FTIR, XRD, DSC
Subjects:T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions:Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering (Formerly known)
ID Code:3770
Deposited By: Miss Sharifah Rafidah Wan Alwi
Deposited On:22 Jun 2007 05:59
Last Modified:01 Jun 2010 03:12

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