Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Institutional Repository

Lift Enhancement on Unconventional Airfoils

Yeung, W.W.H. (2006) Lift Enhancement on Unconventional Airfoils. In: 1st Regional Conference on Vehicle Engineering & Technology, 3-5 July 2006, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

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Abstract

Lift augmentation on airfoils is a critical task to an aerodynamicist when asked to design new wings. Flow visualization studies on a corrugated airfoil confirm that the trapped vortices lead to a modification of the effective wing shape and an increase in lift. Considerable lift enhancement is found in the experimental measurements on a wing model incorporated with a backward-facing step on the upper surface because of a trapped vortex. Furthermore, a leading-edge rotating cylinder (which behaves like a vortex) effectively extend the lift curve of an airfoil without substantially affecting its slope, thus increasing the maximum lift and delaying stall. While theoretical studies of vortex trapping are limited to airfoils with smooth surfaces, this paper explores the ability of trapping single and multiple vortices on airfoils with surface discontinuities, such as cavities, corrugations, or a rotating cylinder. Streamlines, surface pressure distributions and the vortex trajectories are presented in the hope to advance the knowledge on lift enhancement for flow past unconventional airfoils.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Lift Enhancement; lift augmentation; leading-edge rotating cylinder; trapping single and multiple vortices
Subjects:T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
T Technology > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics
Divisions:Mechanical Engineering
ID Code:316
Deposited By: Mrs. Junaidah Abdullah
Deposited On:15 Feb 2007 05:51
Last Modified:01 Jun 2010 02:43

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