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Effect of additives concentration on the surface properties and performance of PVDF ultrafiltration membranes for refinery produced wastewater treatment

Yuliwati, E. and Ismail, Ahmad Fauzi (2011) Effect of additives concentration on the surface properties and performance of PVDF ultrafiltration membranes for refinery produced wastewater treatment. Desalination, 273 (1). pp. 226-234. ISSN 0011-9164

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2010.11.023

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of pore-forming hydrophilic additives on the porous asymmetric polyvinylideneflouride (PVDF) ultrafiltration (UF) membrane morphology and transport properties for refinery produced wastewater treatment. PVDF ultrafiltration membranes were prepared via a phase inversion method by dispersing lithium chloride monohydrate (LiCl H 2O) and titanium dioxide (TiO 2) nanoparticles in the spinning dope. The morphological and performance tests were conducted on PVDF ultrafiltration membranes prepared from a different additive content. The top surface and cross-sectional area of the membranes were observed using a field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM) and energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) analysis. The surface wettability of porous membranes was determined by the measurement of a contact angle. The mean pore size and surface porosity were calculated based on the permeate flux. The results indicated that the PVDF/LiCl/TiO 2 membranes with lower TiO 2 nanoparticles loading possessed smaller mean pore size, more apertures inside the membrane with enhanced membrane hydrophilicity. LiCl H 2O has been employed particularly to reduce the thermodynamic miscibility of dope which resulted in increasing the rate of liquid-liquid demixing process. The maximum flux and rejection of refinery wastewater using PVDF ultrafiltration membrane achieved were 82.50L/m 2h and 98.83% respectively at 1.95 wt.% TiO 2 concentration.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:nanoparticle, pore forming additives, PVDF membrane, refinery wastewater, ultrafiltration
Subjects:G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Divisions:Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering (Formerly known)
ID Code:28979
Deposited By: Liza Porijo
Deposited On:07 Dec 2012 00:17
Last Modified:07 Dec 2012 00:17

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